Medical Glossary
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Nadir The lowest point that blood counts drop to after a treatment.
Nausea A feeling of an upset stomach and/or feeling like you have to throw-up.
Needle Biopsy Removal of fluid or tissue with a needle for the purposes to determine what the abnormal tissue is made of.
Needle Biopsy Removal of fluid or tissue with a needle for the purpose of determining what the abnormal tissue is made of.
Neoadjuvant A term applied to treatment that is given before the main treatment. For example, chemotherapy may be given in a “neoadjuvant” fashion prior to surgery for a large breast cancer tumor.
Neoplasm An abnormal growth or tumor which may or may not be cancerous.
Neoplasm An abnormal growth or tumor which may or may not cancerous.
Neuropathy loss of sensation primarily in the fingers and in the toes. Is also described as a prickly sensation. It can be a direct side effect from certain chemotherapy drugs causing nerve damage and it can be temporary or of long-term duration.
Neutropenia When the white blood cell level is below normal and the body does not have its normal infection-fighting abilities. A patient is considered to be neutropenic when the neutrophil count is less than 1000.
Neutropenic Precautions Special instructions when the white blood cell count is too low to fight infection. Guidelines include strict handwashing and may or may not include isolation and special diet changes during the time the white blood cell count is low.
Nodule A small, round hard abnormal area of tissue which may or may not be cancerous.
Non-ablative Transplant See Reduced Intensity Regimen
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma A category of cancers of the lymphatic system, comprising more than 20 different types of diseases, each with different characteristics and different treatment recommendations.
Non-invasive A procedure or treatment that does not cause harm nor destroy the tissue.
NPO An abbreviation for “take nothing by mouth”.
Nurse Practitioner A registered nurse who has a graduate degree in advanced practice nursing and has received a national certification in the specialty area of practice.
Nutritionist A health care professional that is an expert in the field of nutrition. The nutritionist is able give advice and plan healthy diets for patients with disease.