Medical Glossary
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Ileostomy Opening in the skin of the body to allow for the passage of stool from the intestine to outside the abdomen.
Immune System The body’s ability to fight infection and disease.
Immunosuppression A weakened immune system can be caused by drugs or certain conditions. If you are immunosuppressed, you are at risk of developing an infection that your body cannot fight on its own.
Immunotherapy Treatments that promote the immune system to attack the cancer cells.
Incentive Spirometer A small, plastic device which will helps the patient breathe deeply and keep their lungs healthy. The patient will be asked to use this device several times a day when recovering from surgery.
Infertility The loss of the ability to have children. Radiation and/or chemotherapy may make you sterile. The extent of this problem depends on your sex and age. It also depends on the dose and duration of treatment. If a patient is planning on having children , this subject must be discussed with the oncologist prior to the start of the treatment.
Infiltration The leakage of fluid around the IV site which can cause burning, redness and swelling of the area.
Inflammation A condition which causes redness, warmth and/or swelling of the tissue.
Informed Consent Informed Consent is the process of becoming educated about a procedure, treatment and/or a clinical trial. It includes the risks and benefits of the procedure, treatment or clinical trial. If a patient signs an informed consent form the patient is still free to stop the treatment, procedure and/or leave the clinical trial at any time and will continue to receive medical care.
Infusion The process of putting fluids or medication into the bloodstream through a small catheter.
Infusion pump (IV pump) A pump that will deliver the fluids or medication into the vein over a period of time at a specific amount.
Injection The passage of a needle to deliver medication. There are three types of injections: Subcutaneous injection given into the subcutaneous tissue. Intramuscular injection given into the muscle tissue. Intravenous injection given into the vein.
Interferon Naturally produced by the body but is also artificially produced and used to treat certain cancers and given as an injection.
Interleukin A substance naturally produced in the body but is also artificially produced and used to treat certain cancers.
Intern A graduate of a medical/osteopathic/dental school serving a first year period of graduate clinical training.
Intravenous The administration of a drug or fluid directly into the vein through a small catheter that fits inside the vein.
IV See Intravenous